# IsTotallyPositive

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IsTotallyPositive | |

Determines whether or not a matrix is totally positive | |

Other toolboxes required | none |
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Related functions | IsTotallyNonsingular |

Function category | Miscellaneous |

` IsTotallyPositive` is a function that determines whether or not a given matrix is totally positive (i.e., all of its square submatrices have positive determinant). The input matrix can be either full or sparse.

## Syntax

`ITP = IsTotallyPositive(X)``ITP = IsTotallyPositive(X,SUB_SIZES)``ITP = IsTotallyPositive(X,SUB_SIZES,TOL)``[ITP,WIT] = IsTotallyPositive(X,SUB_SIZES,TOL)`

## Argument descriptions

### Input arguments

`X`: A matrix.`SUB_SIZES`(optional, default`1:min(size(X))`): A vector specifying the sizes of submatrices to be checked to have positive determinant.`TOL`(optional, default`length(X)*eps(norm(X,'fro'))`): The numerical tolerance used when determining positivity.

### Output arguments

`ITP`: A flag (either 1 or 0) indicating that`X`is or is not totally positive.`WIT`(optional): If`ITP = 0`then`WIT`specifies a submatrix of`X`that has either negative or non-real determinant. More specifically,`WIT`is a matrix with 2 rows such that`det(X(WIT(1,:),WIT(2,:)))`is negative or non-real.

## Examples

### Vandermonde matrices

It is known that Vandermonde matrices are totally positive, under certain restrictions on the nodes:

```
>> IsTotallyPositive(vander(5:-1:1))
ans =
1
```

## Notes

In practice, this function is practical for matrices of size up to about 15-by-15.

## Source code

Click on "expand" to the right to view the MATLAB source code for this function.