ComplementaryMap
ComplementaryMap | |
Computes the complementary map of a superoperator | |
Other toolboxes required | none |
---|---|
Related functions | DualMap |
Function category | Superoperators |
ComplementaryMap is a function that computes the complementary map of a superoperator (in the sense that the output of this function describes the information leaked by the original superoperator to the environment).
Syntax
- PHIC = ComplementaryMap(PHI)
- PHIC = ComplementaryMap(PHI,DIM)
Argument descriptions
- PHI: A superoperator. Should be provided as either a Choi matrix, or as a cell with either 1 or 2 columns (see the tutorial page for more details about specifying superoperators within QETLAB). PHIC will be a cell of Kraus operators if PHI is a cell of Kraus operators, and similarly PHIC will be a Choi matrix if PHI is a Choi matrix.
- DIM (optional, default has input and output spaces of equal dimension): A 1-by-2 vector containing the input and output dimensions of PHI, in that order (equivalently, these are the dimensions of the first and second subsystems of the Choi matrix PHI, in that order). If the input or output space is not square, then DIM's first row should contain the input and output row dimensions, and its second row should contain its input and output column dimensions. DIM is required if and only if PHI has unequal input and output dimensions and is provided as a Choi matrix.
Examples
Non-uniqueness
Complementary maps are not unique, and hence different maps PHIC may be returned depending on the particular representation of the input map PHI. The particular complementary map that is returned by this function is the one that is obtained by placing all of the first rows of Kraus operators of PHI into the first Kraus operator of PHIC, all of the second rows of Kraus operators of PHI into the second Kraus operator of PHIC, and so on. The following code defines two families of Kraus operators Phi and Phi2, verifies that they represent the same map by showing that their Choi matrices are the same, and then shows that nonetheless the different Kraus representations lead to different complementary maps.
>> Phi = {[1 0;0 0] ; [0 1;0 0] ; [0 0;1 0] ; [0 0;0 1]}; >> Phi2 = {[1 0;0 1]/sqrt(2) ; [0 1;1 0]/sqrt(2) ; [0 -1i;1i 0]/sqrt(2) ; [1 0;0 -1]/sqrt(2)}; >> ChoiMatrix(Phi) ans = 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 >> ChoiMatrix(Phi2) ans = 1.0000 0 0 0 0 1.0000 0 0 0 0 1.0000 0 0 0 0 1.0000 >> celldisp(ComplementaryMap(Phi)) ans{1} = 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 ans{2} = 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 >> celldisp(ComplementaryMap(Phi2)) ans{1} = 0.7071 0 0 0.7071 0 0 - 0.7071i 0.7071 0 ans{2} = 0 0.7071 0.7071 0 0 + 0.7071i 0 0 -0.7071
Source code
Click on "expand" to the right to view the MATLAB source code for this function.
%% COMPLEMENTARYMAP Computes the complementary map of a superoperator
% This function has one required argument:
% PHI: a superoperator
%
% PHIC = ComplementaryMap(PHI) is the complementary map of PHI (in the
% sense that it describes the information sent by PHI to the
% environment).
%
% This function has one optional input argument:
% DIM (default has input and output of equal dimension)
%
% PHID = ComplementaryMap(PHI,DIM) is the same as above, where DIM is a
% 1-by-2 vector containing the input and output dimensions of PHI, in
% that order (equivalently, these are the dimensions of the first and
% second subsystems of the Choi matrix PHI, in that order). If the input
% or output space is not square, then DIM's first row should contain the
% input and output row dimensions, and its second row should contain its
% input and output column dimensions. DIM is required if and only if PHI
% has unequal input and output dimensions and is provided as a Choi
% matrix.
%
% URL: http://www.qetlab.com/ComplementaryMap
% requires: ApplyMap.m, ChoiMatrix.m, iden.m, IsCP.m, IsHermPreserving.m,
% IsPSD.m, KrausOperators.m, MaxEntangled.m, opt_args.m,
% PermuteSystems.m, sporth.m, Swap.m, superoperator_dims.m
%
% author: Nathaniel Johnston (nathaniel@njohnston.ca)
% package: QETLAB
% last updated: November 24, 2014
function PhiC = ComplementaryMap(Phi,varargin)
isc = iscell(Phi);
if(~isc) % don't alter the Kraus operators -- will change the returned complementary map!
Phi = KrausOperators(Phi,varargin{:});
end
% Compute the dimensions of PHI.
[da,db,de] = superoperator_dims(Phi,1,varargin{:});
% The complementary map is obtained by placing all of the first rows of
% Kraus operators of PHI into the first of PHIC's Kraus operators, all of
% the second rows of the Kraus operators of PHI into the second of PHIC's
% Kraus operators, and so on.
PhiC = mat2cell(Swap(cell2mat(Phi),[1,2],[de,db(1)],1),de*ones(1,db(1)),da(1)*ones(1,size(Phi,2)));
if(~isc) % return a Choi matrix if that was the input
PhiC = ChoiMatrix(PhiC);
end